Risk factors for recurrent central line-associated bloodstream infections in apediatric intensive care unit
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Background/aim: It is recommended that a central venous catheter (CVC) be removed if central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) has been diagnosed. The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the risk factors for recurrent CLABSI in reinserted catheters in a pediatric intensive care unit. Materials and methods: Patients with recurrent and nonrecurrent CLABSI were compared in terms of the catheter exchange interval, the interval between negative blood culture and
... culture and reinsertion of the CVC, and the pre-/reinsertion treatment duration. Results: Thirty-one patients with initial CLABSI had reinserted CVCs, and 12 (38.7%) of these patients were diagnosed with recurrent CLABSI. In the recurrent group, the catheter exchange interval, the interval between negative blood culture and reinsertion of the second CVC, and pre-/reinsertion treatment duration were found to be shorter. Logistic regression analysis revealed that if the interval between negative blood culture and reinsertion of the second CVC was shorter than 4 days, recurrent CLABSI risk increased by 1.7-fold (P = 0.021). Sterile gauze-dressed patients had shorter cumulative catheter surveys than the polyurethane-dressed patients (P = 0.005). Conclusion: Using transparent polyurethane dressings instead of sterile gauze for maintaining the CVC and delaying the reinsertion procedure for at least 4 days after the negative culture might be helpful in preventing recurrent CLABSI.