Compensating strong coupling with large charge

Luis Alvarez-Gaume, Orestis Loukas, Domenico Orlando, Susanne Reffert
2017 Journal of High Energy Physics  
We study some (conformal) field theories with global symmetries in the sector where the value of the global charge $Q$ is large. We find (as expected) that the low energy excitations of this sector are described by the general form of Goldstone's theorem in the non-relativistic regime. We also derive the unexpected result, first presented in [Hellerman et al. 2015], that the effective field theory describing such sector of fixed $Q$ contains effective couplings $\lambda_{\text{eff}}\sim
more » ... t{eff}}\sim \lambda^b /Q^{a}$, where $\lambda$ is the original coupling. Hence, large charge leads to weak coupling. In the last section of the paper we present an outline of how to compute anomalous dimensions of the $O(n)$ model in this limit.
doi:10.1007/jhep04(2017)059 fatcat:hd7ex2envzejjjt2cbvxv57zwi