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Lecture Notes in Computer Science
A union-find data structure maintains a collection of disjoint sets under makeset, union and find operations. Kaplan, Shafrir and Tarjan [SODA 2002] designed data structures for an extension of the unionfind problem in which elements of the sets maintained may be deleted. The cost of a delete operation in their implementations is the same as the cost of a find operation. They left open the question whether delete operations can be implemented more efficiently than find operations. We resolvedoi:10.1007/11523468_7 fatcat:xkel5ldv6bcxlkh7mlxancpony