Plasma Activity and Insertion/Deletion Polymorphism of Angiotensin I–Converting Enzyme

Flavio Ribichini, Giuseppe Steffenino, Antonio Dellavalle, Giuseppe Matullo, Elena Colajanni, Terenzio Camilla, Antonello Vado, Gabriella Benetton, Eugenio Uslenghi, Alberto Piazza
1998 Circulation  
Background-Tissue proliferation is almost invariably observed in recurrent lesions within stents, and ACE, a factor of smooth muscle cell proliferation, may play an important role. Plasma ACE level is largely controlled by the insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the enzyme gene. The association among restenosis within coronary stents, plasma ACE level, and the I/D polymorphism is analyzed in the present prospective study. Methods and Results-One hundred seventy-six consecutive patients
more » ... successful, high-pressure, elective stenting of de novo lesions in the native coronary vessels were considered. At follow-up angiography, recurrence was observed in 35 patients (19.9%). Baseline clinical and demographic variables, plasma glucose and serum fibrinogen levels, lipid profile, descriptive and quantitative angiographic data, and procedural variables were not significantly different in patients with and without restenosis; mean plasma ACE levels ( ϮSEM) were 40.8Ϯ3.5 and 20.7Ϯ1.0 U/L, respectively (PϽ.0001). Diameter stenosis percentage and minimum luminal diameter at 6 months showed statistically significant correlation with plasma ACE level (rϭ.352 and Ϫ.387, respectively PϽ.001). Twenty-one of 62 patients (33.9%) with D/D genotype, 13 of 80 (16.3%) with I/D genotype, and 1 of 34 (2.9%) with I/I genotype showed recurrence; the restenosis rate for each genotype is consistent with a codominant expression of the allele D. Conclusions-In a selected cohort of patients, both the D/D genotype of the ACE gene, and high plasma activity of the enzyme are significantly associated with in-stent restenosis. Continued study with clinically different subsets of patients and various stent designs is warranted. (Circulation. 1998;97:147-154.)
doi:10.1161/01.cir.97.2.147 pmid:9445166 fatcat:ube4cjpfcndzjpe6hpz3ekbrmu