Placenta Previa

P. Vergani, S. Ornaghi, I. Pozzi, P. Beretta, F.M. Russo, I. Follesa, A. Ghidini
2011 Obstetric Anesthesia Digest  
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to relate the mode of delivery and outcomes in a cohort of cases of placenta previa that had the last transvaginal ultrasonographic scan Ͻ28 days before delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Cases in which the placental edge overlapped the internal cervical (n ϭ 42) underwent cesarean section delivery. Labor was allowed in those with placental edge to internal os distance of 1-10 mm (group 1, 24 women) and those with a distance of 11-20 mm (group 2, 29 women).
more » ... 29 women). RESULTS: Rates of cesarean section delivery (75% vs 31%; odds ratio, 6.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2-22) and of bleeding before labor (29% vs 3%; odds ratio, 11.5; 95% CI, 1.6 -76.7) were higher in group 1 than in group 2. Blood loss at delivery (662 Ϯ 466 mL vs 510 Ϯ 547 mL) and rate of severe postpartum hemorrhage (21% vs 10%; odds ratio, 2.3; 95% CI, 0.5-9.7) were similar in the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: More than two-thirds of women with a placental edge to cervical os distance of Ͼ10 mm deliver vaginally without increased risk of hemorrhage. Cite this article as: Vergani P, Ornaghi S, Pozzi I, et al. Placenta previa: distance to internal os and mode of delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2009;201:266.e1-5.
doi:10.1097/01.aoa.0000393171.01027.7a fatcat:4baaryfjl5gohe3h5wxxowtoai