Heliospheric modulation of galactic cosmic rays: Effective energy of ground-based detectors

Agnieszka Gil, Eleanna Asvestari, Gennady Kovaltsov, Ilya Usoskin
2017 Proceedings of 35th International Cosmic Ray Conference — PoS(ICRC2017)   unpublished
Variability of Galactic cosmic ray (GCR) is often expressed in terms of the modulation potential, which is typically assessed using energy-integrating ground-based detectors, such as neutron monitors (NMs) for the last decades or cosmogenic isotopes on the time scales of centuries and millennia. In order to estimate the energy dependence of the GCR variability we re-assess here the effective energy E eff of each type of detector, which is defined so that the variability of the GCR particles at
more » ... his energy is equal to that of the detector's count rate. We found that E eff is 11-12 GeV/nuc for the standard polar sea-level neutron monitor, but it is essentially smaller for
doi:10.22323/1.301.0032 fatcat:jakxbg532ndxnlfbry75pq7bma