EFFECTS OF SALINE WATER ON TOMATO UNDER SUBSURFACE DRIP IRRIGATION: NUTRITIONAL AND FOLIAR ASPECTS
Journal of soil science and plant nutrition
A field experiment on the effects of drip irrigation (DI) and subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) with saline water (6.57 dS m -1 ) on three tomato cultivars (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., cvs. Río Tinto, Río Grande and Nemador) was carried out with the purpose to quantify physiological responses. The aim was to improve irrigation water management under saline conditions of Tunisia. The trial was established in a siltclayey soil with three regimes of irrigation: 100 %, 85 % and 70 % of crop water
... 70 % of crop water requirement. Results evidenced a significant difference between the two irrigation systems for the three cultivars. Growth parameters such as leaf area, chlorophyll content and mineral composition of leaves, petioles, stems and roots were affected significantly by the different treatments, particularly for Río Tinto and Nemador, being Río Grande the more adapted. The fruit was the organ less affected. Strong accumulation of Na + and Claccompanied a reduction in Ca 2+ , K + , Mg 2+ and P content in the case of DI. The distribution of these last necessary elements for plants nutrition under a strong accumulation of Na + and Cldepends on the cultivar and changes from one organ to another. SDI can be included as an effective option for tomato production in Tunisia.