The Malware Detection Approach in the Design of Mobile Applications
security has become a major concern for smartphone users in line with the increasing use of mobile applications, which can be downloaded from unofficial sources. These applications make users vulnerable to penetration and viruses. Malicious software (malware) is unwanted software that is frequently used by cybercriminals to launch cyber-attacks. Therefore, the motive of the research was to detect malware early before infection by discovering it at the application-design level and not at the
... level, where the virus will have already damaged the system. Methods: in this article, we proposed a malware detection method at the design level based on reverse engineering, the unified modeling language (UML) environment, and the web ontology language (OWL). The proposed method detected "Data_Send_Trojan" malware by designing a UML model that simulated the structure of the malware. Then, by generating the ontology of the model, and using RDF query language (SPARQL) to create certain queries, the malware was correctly detected. In addition, we proposed a new classification of malware that was suitable for design detection. Results: the proposed method detected Trojan malware that appeared 552 times in a sample of 600 infected android application packages (APK). The experimental results showed a good performance in detecting malware at the design level with precision and recall of 92% and 91%, respectively. As the dataset increased, the accuracy of detection increased significantly, which made this methodology promising.