A Study of Subjective and Objective Health Assessments of Senior Citizens Living in the Community

Keiko Nomura, Kanohu, Nagura, Hatano
2020 Journal of Human Well-being  
Abstract:In this study, a subjective and objective health assessment--using a frailty check method from a population health approach--was conducted with consenting participants in a frailty prevention class for those over 60 years old and for the unemployed who are not eligible for long-term care in the long-term care insurance system. Based on the results of the health assessment, we examined the current status and issues of pre-frail and frail subjects. Of the 96 participants in the class (27
more » ... men and 69 women), we obtained consent from 82 subjects (21 men and 61 women; 85.4%). Using a checklist, we classified them into a frail group of 11 (13.4%) subjects, a prefrail group of 26 subjects (31. 7%), and a non-applicable group of 45 subjects (54. 9%). There were no significant differences in age or sex among the three groups. Significant differences were observed in TUG, grip strength, the Kana Pick-out Test, subjective health, exercise habits, the presence/absence of friends who exercise, the presence/absence of counseling, the presence/absence of stress, and sleep habits. High grip strength, a high Kana Pick-out Test score, a low amount of daily walking, and subjectively feeling that one exercises enough were extracted as factors for subjects with friends who exercise. It became clear that events apart from health status appear both subjectively and objectively from a condition of pre-frailty.
doi:10.34591/humanwellbeing.19.2_51 fatcat:vmirwfu7i5dczkyekfazmraop4