Viewing angle switching of vertical alignment liquid crystal displays by controlling birefringence of homogenously aligned liquid crystal layer
Applied Physics Letters
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... que incidence study of polarization gratings Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 051107 (2012) Thermally excited vortical flow in a thin bidirectionally oriented nematic cell Phys. Fluids 24, 073102 (2012) Additional information on Appl. Phys. Lett. Viewing angle switching from a wide viewing angle to a narrow viewing angle has been studied. Conventional multidomain vertical alignment ͑VA͒ mode offers the advantages of a high contrast ratio ͑CR͒ not only in the front view but also in the wide viewing directions only if compensation films such as a negative C plate and a positive A plate are used. The positive A plate can be replaced by a homogeneous aligned ͑HA͒ liquid crystal layer, and the retardation of the HA layer at the off axis can be controlled by applying an electric field while keeping the retardation value at zero in the normal direction. Consequently, the viewing angle range of a VA device can be controlled from a wide viewing mode ͑over 170°in terms of CR= 10͒ to a narrow viewing angle mode ͑approximately 60°in terms of CR= 2͒ in the horizontal direction while keeping a high image quality at the normal direction.