Combination of Metformin and Lifestyle Intervention for Antipsychotic-Related Weight Gain: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Wei Zheng, Qing-E Zhang, Dong-Bin Cai, Xin-Hu Yang, Gabor Ungvari, Chee Ng, Ren-Rong Wu, Yu-Tao Xiang
2018 Pharmacopsychiatry  
Introduction Weight gain is a common antipsychotic (AP)-related adverse drug reaction (ADR) that can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and premature mortality. This meta-analysis examined the efficacy and tolerability of combining metformin and lifestyle intervention for AP-related weight gain in schizophrenia. Methods Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with meta-analyzable data were searched and retrieved by 2 independent investigators. RevMan software (version 5.3) was used to
more » ... hesize data, and to calculate the standardized or weighted mean differences and risk ratio with their 95% confidence intervals. Results Six RCTs (n=732) were included and meta-analyzed. The metformin and lifestyle combination (MLC) group had significant reduction in weight and body mass index compared with the metformin group, lifestyle group, and placebo group. There was less frequent weight gain of≥7% in the MLC group over placebo. No other group differences in ADRs, total psychopathology, and all-cause discontinuation were found. In terms of study quality, 5 RCTs were open-labelled, 1 RCT had low risk allocation concealment, and 3 RCTs specifically described randomization methods. Conclusion Combining metformin and lifestyle intervention shows significant effect in reducing AP-related weight gain. Higher quality and larger RCTs are needed to confirm these findings.Review registration: CRD42017059198
doi:10.1055/s-0044-101466 pmid:29486513 fatcat:6tnhqlzxkfeazmadniejfhk53a