SMALL ALPHAHERPESVIRUS LATENCY-ASSOCIATED PROMOTERS DRIVE EFFICIENT AND LONG-TERM TRANSGENE EXPRESSION IN THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM [article]

Carola J Maturana, Jessica L Verpeut, Thomas J Pisano, Zahra M Dhanerawala, Andrew Esteves, Lynn W Enquist, Esteban A Engel
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors (rAAV) are used as gene therapy vectors to treat central nervous system (CNS) diseases. Despite their safety and broad tropism, important issues need to be corrected such as the limited payload capacity and the lack of small gene promoters providing long-term, pan-neuronal transgene expression in the CNS. Commonly used gene promoters are relatively large and can be repressed a few months after CNS transduction, risking the long-term performance of
more » ... e-dose gene therapy applications. We used a whole-CNS screening approach based on systemic delivery of AAV-PHP.eB, iDisco+ tissue-clearing and light-sheet microscopy, to identify three small latency-associated promoters (LAP) from the herpesvirus pseudorabies virus (PRV). These promoters are LAP1 (404bp), LAP2 (498bp) and LAP1_2 (880bp). They drive chronic transcription of the virus encoded latency-associated transcript (LAT) during productive and latent phases of PRV infection. We observed stable, pan-neuronal transgene transcription and translation from AAV-LAP in the CNS for six months post AAV transduction. In several CNS areas, the number of cells expressing the transgene was higher for LAP2 than the large conventional EF1α promoter (1264bp). Our data suggests that the LAP are suitable candidates for viral vector-based CNS gene therapies requiring chronic transgene expression after one-time viral-vector administration
doi:10.1101/2019.12.31.891903 fatcat:tmc4vwrek5fcpjqlvfng247ku4