First Molecular Detection of Coxiella burnetii in Beef Cattle in West Java, Indonesia

Elok Puspita Rini, Michihito Sasaki, Dwi Astuti, Vetnizah Juniantito, I Wayan Teguh Wibawan, Hirofumi Sawa, Agus Setiyono
2021 Japanese journal of infectious diseases (Print)  
Coxiella burnetii (C. burnetii) is a bacterial agent causing Q fever which is widespread all over the world. Livestock such as cattle, goat, and sheep are the main sources of infection for this disease. Infection of C. burnetii causes abortion of livestock, resulting in economic damage. Q fever is zoonotic disease and potential public health hazard. To date, little is known about the infection of C. burnetii in livestock in Indonesia. The objective of this research is to screen the genome of C.
more » ... en the genome of C. burnetii bacteria in beef cattle in West Java, Indonesia. Organ tissue samples were collected from cattle slaughtered in slaughterhouses, West Java. C. burnetii genome was detected from cattle samples in all three samplings area by nested PCR (nPCR) targeting com1 gene of C. burnetii. Sequencing analysis of 16S rRNA gene revealed the amplicons showed 99.9% nucleotide identity to C. burnetii strains Heizberg, 1843, 2574, 701CbB1, and 14160-001. Our results indicate that the infection of C. burnetii occurs in Indonesian beef cattles and highlight the risk of exposure to C. burnetii infection in human.
doi:10.7883/yoken.jjid.2020.769 pmid:33952768 fatcat:o3x5t2nkhzd2vdp25ydxdzc7qy