The design of a new fiber optic sensor for measuring linear velocity with pico meter/second sensitivity based on Weak-value amplification [article]

Jing-Hui Huang, Xue-Ying Duan, Guang-Jun Wang, Xiang-Yun Hu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We put forward a new fiber optic sensor for measuring linear velocity with picometer/second sensitivity with Weak-value amplification based on generalized Sagnac effect [Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 143901(2004)].The generalized Sagnac effect was first introduced by Yao et al, which included the Sagnac effect of rotation as a special case and suggested a new fiber optic sensor for measuring linear motion with nanoscale sensitivity. By using a different scheme to perform the Sagnac interferometer with
more » ... probe in momentum space, we have demonstrated the new weak measure protocol to detect the linear velocity by amplifying the phase shift of the generalized Sagnac effect. Given the maximum incident intensity of the initial spectrum, the detection limit of the intensity of the spectrometer, we can theoretically give the appropriate pre-selection, post-selection, and other optical structures before the experiment. Our numerical results show our scheme with Weak-value amplification is effective and feasible to detect linear velocity with picometer/second sensitivity which is three orders of magnitude smaller than the result ν=4.8 × 10^-9 m/s obtained by generalized Sagnac effect with same fiber length.
arXiv:2106.09427v2 fatcat:wpixsimmhjgmzmcvmueuvbtoca