Effect of Process Variables on the Chemical Constituents and Sensory Characteristics of Nigerian Green Tea
Journal of Food Processing & Technology
Green tea possesses functional properties with attendant health benefits, Nigerian tea leaves has only been commercially processed into black tea. This study therefore evaluated the effect of Steaming Time (ST), Drying Temperature (DT) and Drying time (Dt) on the chemical and sensory properties of Nigerian Green Tea (NGT). Epical bud and two leaves from agronomic proven commercially viable clone were harvested from the Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria experimental tea plots, Taraba State.
... s, Taraba State. Response surface methodology (Central Composite Design) was used to combine the three processing variables: ST (60, 90 and 120 s), DT (60, 65 and 70ºC) and Dt (90, 120 and 150 min). Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), Epigallocatechin (EGC), Epicatechin gallate (ECG) and Epicatechin (EC) contents of NGT were determined using High Performance Liquid Chromatography while descriptive sensory evaluation of NGT samples was carried out using semi trained panellist. Data generated were subjected to ANOVA and regression analysis. Results showed that NGT contain EGCG, EGC, EC and ECG contents that ranged from 46.90 to 178, 0.30 to 4.24, 1.03 to 8.83, and 8.05 to 33.96 (mg/g), respectively. Greenness, sweetness, bitterness, and astringency score of NGT extracts were 4.00-6.00, 1.00-2.23, 5.07-7.97 and 1.00-2.23 respectively on a 1-9 intensity scale. This study revealed that acceptable green tea can be obtained from Nigerian tea leaves in terms of chemical constituents, especially for the high EGCG content. The optimum process conditions for NGT were steaming for 60 s and drying at 70ºC for 150 min for high EGCG content and sensory acceptability.