Perceptions of Adolescent Pregnancy in Rural Contexts: An Approach based on Social Determination of health inequities
Background: The phenomenon of teen pregnancy as a social process in rural areas within settings of violence and peacebuilding are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to inquire into the perceptions of lived experiences in Colombian rural areas on the social forces and social determination of adolescent pregnancy. Methods: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Data triangulation included young people and other social actors from the Amaime river
... (municipalities of Palmira and El Cerrito in Colombia). Perceptions about the social conditions, specific ways of living, and lifestyles, were analyzed with approximations from phenomenology with the theoretical approach of social determination of health inequities. Results: Living conditions with strong social stigma and demand for social, political, and cultural opportunities were found. Regarding the way of living, an isolated young person is perceived with emotional gaps, sanctioned by the social group, and with little communication and information on sexual education. Regarding lifestyles, there are standardized youth behaviors that affect a person's life plan and sexuality with precarious gender relations and with various types of violence that limit exercising peacebuilding. Conclusions: This study contributes to a pressing topic in sexual and reproductive health, with a novel approach that generates conclusions that contribute to comprehensively expanding the required interventions.