Aging-related cerebral microvascular changes visualized using Ultrasound Localization Microscopy in the living mouse [article]

Matthew R Lowerison, Nathiya Chandra Sekaran, Wei Zhang, Zhijie Dong, Xi Chen, Daniel A Llano, Pengfei Song
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Aging-related cognitive decline is an emerging health crisis; however, no established unifying mechanism has been identified for the cognitive impairments seen in an aging population. A vascular hypothesis of cognitive decline has been proposed but is difficult to test given the contradictory radiologic needs of high-fidelity microvascular imaging resolution and a broad and deep brain imaging field of view. Super-resolution ultrasound localization microscopy (ULM) offers a potential solution by
more » ... exploiting circulating microbubbles to achieve a vascular resolution approaching the capillary scale without sacrificing imaging depth. In this report, we apply ULM imaging to a mouse model of aging and quantify differences in cerebral vascularity, blood velocity, and vessel tortuosity across several brain regions. We found significant decreases in blood velocity, and significant increases in vascular tortuosity, across all brain regions in the aged cohort, and significant decreases in blood volume in the cortex. These data provide the first-ever measurements of subcortical microvascular dynamics in vivo and reveal that aging has a major impact on these measurements.
doi:10.1101/2021.06.04.447141 fatcat:47rz27jrvvdchlcuhl5lymqnra