Energy-Efficient Clustering/Routing for Cooperative MIMO Operation in Sensor Networks

M. Z. Siam, M. Krunz, O. Younis
2009 IEEE INFOCOM 2009 - The 28th Conference on Computer Communications  
Employing multi-input multi-output (MIMO) links can improve energy efficiency in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Although a sensor node is likely to be equipped with only one antenna, it is possible to group several sensors to form a virtual MIMO link. Such grouping can be formed by means of clustering. In this paper, we propose a distributed MIMO-adaptive energy-efficient clustering/routing scheme, coined cooperative MIMO (CMIMO), which aims at reducing energy consumption in multi-hop WSNs.
more » ... n multi-hop WSNs. In CMIMO, each cluster has two cluster heads (CHs), which are responsible for routing traffic between clusters (i.e., inter-cluster communications). CMIMO has the ability to adapt the transmission mode and transmission power on a per-packet basis. The transmission mode can be one of four transmit/receive configurations: 1 × 1 (SISO), 2 × 1 (MISO), 1 × 2 (SIMO), and 2 × 2 (MIMO). We study the performance of CMIMO via simulations. Results indicate that our proposed scheme achieves a significant reduction in energy consumption, compared to non-adaptive clustered WSNs.
doi:10.1109/infcom.2009.5061969 dblp:conf/infocom/SiamKY09 fatcat:xe5dg44ckvazflnsbfuuvpodpm