Rural settlement Gnjili Potok (Montenegro): Attachment to the study demographic discharge of geo-space

Goran Rajović, Jelisavka Bulatović
The population of Gnjilog Potok, as well as most other Montenegrin rural settlements, passed through the period from 1948 to 2017 all the characteristic stages of demographic transition. The maximum number of inhabitants was recorded in 1948 (325), and from the 1961 (281) and 1971 (262) censuses, in the processes of industrialization, the depopulation began-1981 (199),-1991 (178). In the post-transition phase in the last two censuses in 2003 and 2011, the number of inhabitants in the settlement
more » ... s in the settlement was reduced from 111 to 87. The average age of the population is 41.4 years (38.2 in males and 46.1 in females). According to the survey data from 2017, a total of 63 inhabitants live in the settlement. Compared to 1948, the number of inhabitants in 2017 was reduced by 194 %. These demographic processes ring in the alert and seek new, more effective economic (polycentric) and population policies. The situation in which is Montenegrin rural area is located and the exploration of the possibilities for its overcoming is a sufficient motive for the development of this work.