Phthalates, ovarian function and fertility in adulthood

Eleftheria M. Panagiotou, Venla Ojasalo, Pauliina Damdimopoulou
2021 Baillière's Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism  
Phthalates are a family of high-production volume industrial chemicals used in the manufacture of plastics. Some phthalates are regulated as endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and reproductive toxicants based on adverse effects in the male. Potential effects in females are less understood although exposure levels can be higher in women compared to men. Here, we review the literature on the effects of phthalate exposures in adulthood on ovarian function and fertility in women. Experimental
more » ... dies using cell cultures and rodents combined with human evidence from epidemiological studies suggest that phthalates pose a hazard to ovaries. Phthalates can disrupt follicle growth pattern, increase oxidative stress and cause follicle death. These effects could lead to infertility, faster depletion of ovarian reserve, and earlier reproductive senescence. However, more studies using more realistic exposure levels will be needed to properly assess the risks in women.
doi:10.1016/j.beem.2021.101552 pmid:34238683 fatcat:2qezqtbutbgvjgqjulzrnsnysi