Site-specific Mutagenesis and Domain Substitutions in the Loading Module of the Nystatin Polyketide Synthase, and Their Effects on Nystatin Biosynthesis inStreptomyces noursei

Trygve Brautaset, Sven E. F. Borgos, Håvard Sletta, Trond E. Ellingsen, Sergey B. Zotchev
2003 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The loading module for the nystatin polyketide synthase (PKS) in Streptomyces noursei is represented by the NysA protein composed of a ketosynthase (KS S ), acyltransferase, dehydratase, and an acyl carrier protein. The absolute requirement of this protein for initiation of nystatin biosynthesis was demonstrated by the in-frame deletion of the nysA gene in S. noursei. The role of the NysA KS S domain, however, remained unclear, since no data on the significance of the "active site" serine
more » ... 70) residue in the loading modules of type I PKSs were available. Site-specific mutagenesis of Ser-170 both in the wild-type NysA and in the hybrid loading module containing malonyl-specific acyltransferase domain from the extender module had no effect on nystatin biosynthesis. A second mutation (S413N) of the NysA KS S domain was discovered that completely abolished the ability of the hybrids to restore nystatin biosynthesis, presumably by affecting the ability of the resulting proteins to catalyze the required substrate decarboxylation. In contrast, NysA and its Ser-170 mutants bearing the same S413N mutation were able to restore nystatin production to significant levels, probably by using acetyl-CoA as a starter unit. Together, these data suggest that the KS S domain of NysA differs from the KS Q domains found in the loading modules of several PKS type I systems in that the active site residue is not significant for its activity.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m212611200 pmid:12594224 fatcat:ddv3vcev45brvjv3lmackzvr5u