Wide Sliding Window and Subsampling Network for Hyperspectral Image Classification

Jiangbo Xi, Okan K. Ersoy, Jianwu Fang, Ming Cong, Tianjun Wu, Chaoying Zhao, Zhenhong Li
2021 Remote Sensing  
Recently, deep learning methods, for example, convolutional neural networks (CNNs), have achieved high performance in hyperspectral image (HSI) classification. The limited training samples of HSI images make it hard to use deep learning methods with many layers and a large number of convolutional kernels as in large scale imagery tasks, and CNN-based methods usually need long training time. In this paper, we present a wide sliding window and subsampling network (WSWS Net) for HSI
more » ... It is based on layers of transform kernels with sliding windows and subsampling (WSWS). It can be extended in the wide direction to learn both spatial and spectral features more efficiently. The learned features are subsampled to reduce computational loads and to reduce memorization. Thus, layers of WSWS can learn higher level spatial and spectral features efficiently, and the proposed network can be trained easily by only computing linear weights with least squares. The experimental results show that the WSWS Net achieves excellent performance with different hyperspectral remotes sensing datasets compared with other shallow and deep learning methods. The effects of ratio of training samples, the sizes of image patches, and the visualization of features in WSWS layers are presented.
doi:10.3390/rs13071290 fatcat:pnubmgytbrhlvlpzpc2bm76jwi