Reference curves for aggregation and ATP secretion to aid diagnose of platelet-based bleeding disorders: Effect of inhibition of ADP and thromboxane A2pathways
Platelet aggregation is widely used in clinical laboratories to evaluate patients with bleeding disorders of suspected platelet aetiology. Simultaneous monitoring of ATP release as a measure of dense granule secretion provides additional information to aid diagnosis. There is, however, no standard way of performing or interpreting these tests. The present study has evaluated aggregation and ATP secretion to eight platelet agonists in healthy donors and has evaluated the reproducibility of
... ducibility of response for a number of variables, including platelet number and time after donation. The effect of inhibition of the two major platelet feedback mediators, ADP and thromboxane A 2 (TxA 2 ), was investigated using the P2Y 1 and P2Y 12 receptor antagonists, MRS2179 and AR-C67085, and the cyclooxygenase inhibitor, indomethacin. The results demonstrate that, if used within certain boundaries, the investigation of platelet aggregation and secretion is a powerful way to discriminate between differing pathways of platelet activation. The present data-set are an invaluable resource to the clinical laboratory to aid evaluation of patients with suspected platelet-based bleeding disorders.