Determinants of entrepreneurial intention and firm performance - evidence from three meta-analyses [article]

Michael König, Universitäts- Und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt, Martin-Luther Universität, Christopher Schlägel
Robinson et al., 1991) as well as determine intention according to the theory of planned behavior. Therefore, we examine intention as being influenced by attitudes, which themselves derive from personal background factors. Furthermore, we respond to calls for a detailed examination of the process that leads to entrepreneurial intention (Fayolle & Liñán, 2014; Shook, Priem, & McGee, 2003) as well as for a more systematic aggregation and evaluation of cumulative evidence in entrepreneurship
more » ... ch (Frese, Rousseau, & Wiklund, 2014; Shook, Priem, & McGee, 2003) . Study III -Personality traits, active performance characteristics, and success One further point of interest in entrepreneurship literature apart from the entrepreneurial intention, is the success that results from the subsequent action to set up a business. The literature in this area of research is twofold, with respect to impact factors on firm performance. According to Gartner (1988) , research should focus on entrepreneurial activities and what the entrepreneur actually does. Contrary to this, several researchers assume the personality of an entrepreneur as an important impact factor on performance (Carland, Hoy, & Carland, 1988; Rauch & Frese, 2007a; Rauch, 2014) , with a special focus on traits that are relevant in the entrepreneurship context (e.g., self-efficacy, need for achievement). The personality of an entrepreneur influences his strategic decisions, which consequently determine the economic success (Johnson, 1990; Shane, Locke, & Collins, 2003). In line with this position, a significant and still growing body of literature examined the relationships of several personality traits towards their outcomes (e.g.,
doi:10.25673/4499 fatcat:7ly3abli3jaz7pkfm3mplxzyou