Creation of localized skyrmion bubbles in Co/Pt bilayers using a spin-valve nanopillar

Jennifer L. Grab, Alison E. Rugar, Daniel C. Ralph
2018 Physical review B  
We fabricate devices in which a magnetic nanopillar spin valve makes contact to a Co/Pt bilayer thin film with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy, in order to achieve local control of domains in the Co/Pt bilayer underneath the nanopillar. The goal is to develop the ability to nucleate, detect, and annihilate magnetic skyrmions in the Co/Pt using spin-polarized currents from the nanopillar. We demonstrate the ability to distinguish the local behavior of the Co/Pt film beneath the nanopillar from
more » ... the extended film and show that the two can switch independently of each other. This allows us to isolate a localized domain under the pillar that can be controlled separately from the rest of the Co/Pt film using applied currents and magnetic fields. Micromagnetic simulations indicate that this localized domain has skyrmion symmetry. Our results represent a first step toward controlling room-temperature skyrmions using localized spin-transfer torque.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.97.184424 fatcat:qnqohlotn5cgbkcqyvk5khmdla