Home-based advance care programme is effective in reducing hospitalisations of advanced heart failure patients: a clinical and healthcare cost study

Raymond Cc Wong, Poh Tin Tan, Yen Hoon Seow, Suzana Aziz, Nilar Oo, Swee Chong Seow, Angeline Seah, Ping Chai
2013 Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore  
In end-stage heart failure (HF) that is not eligible for mechanical assist device or heart transplant, palliative care serves to maximise symptom control and quality of life. We sought to evaluate the impact of home-based advance care programme (ACP) on healthcare utilisation in end-stage HF patients. Prospectively collected registry data on all end-stage HF recruited into ACP between July 2008 and July 2010 were analysed. Chart reviews were conducted on HF database and hospital electronic
more » ... ds. Phone interview and home visit details by ACP team were extracted to complete data entry. HF and all-cause hospitalisations 1 year before, and any time after ACP inception were defined as events. For the latter analysis, follow-up duration adjustment to event episodes was performed to account for death less than a year. Forty-four patients (mean age 79 years, 39% men) were followed up for 15±8 months. Fifty-seven percent had diabetes, 80% ischaemic heart disease, and 60% chronic kidney disease. All reported functional class III/IV at enrolment. Mean serum sodium was 136±6 mmol/L, and creatinine 186±126 mmol/L. Thirty (68%) died within the programme. Mean time to death was 5.5 months. Mean all-cause and HF hospitalisations were 3.6 and 2.0 per patient before enrolment, but improved to 1.0 and 0.6 respectively after ACP. Thirty-six (71%) patients had fewer HF hospitalisations. When only those who survived more than a year were considered (n = 14), 10 (71%) and 9 (64%) experienced reduced HF (mean: 1.4 episodes per patient) and all-cause hospitalisations (mean: 2.2 episodes per patient) respectively. Home-based advance care programme is potentially effective in reducing healthcare utilisation of end-stage HF patients, primarily by reducing HF rehospitalisations, and in probably saving costs as well.
pmid:24162321 fatcat:itucyrdvhrfqtgjwtafc4lrqmi