An Improved Combination of Spectral and Spatial Features for Vegetation Classification in Hyperspectral Images

Yuanyuan Fu, Chunjiang Zhao, Jihua Wang, Xiuping Jia, Guijun Yang, Xiaoyu Song, Haikuan Feng
2017 Remote Sensing  
Due to the advances in hyperspectral sensor technology, hyperspectral images have gained great attention in precision agriculture. In practical applications, vegetation classification is usually required to be conducted first and then the vegetation of interest is discriminated from the others. This study proposes an integrated scheme (SpeSpaVS_ClassPair_ScatterMatrix) for vegetation classification by simultaneously exploiting image spectral and spatial information to improve vegetation
more » ... cation accuracy. In the scheme, spectral features are selected by the proposed scatter-matrix-based feature selection method (ClassPair_ScatterMatrix). In this method, the scatter-matrix-based class separability measure is calculated for each pair of classes and then averaged as final selection criterion to alleviate the problem of mutual redundancy among the selected features, based on the conventional scatter-matrix-based class separability measure (AllClass_ScatterMatrix). The feature subset search is performed by the sequential floating forward search method. Considering the high spectral similarity among different green vegetation types, Gabor features are extracted from the top two principal components to provide complementary spatial features for spectral features. The spectral features and Gabor features are stacked into a feature vector and then the ClassPair_ScatterMatrix method is used on the formed vector to overcome the over-dimensionality problem and select discriminative features for vegetation classification. The final features are fed into support vector machine classifier for classification. To verify whether the ClassPair_ScatterMatrix method could well avoid selecting mutually redundant features, the mean square correlation coefficients were calculated for the ClassPair_ScatterMatrix method and AllClass_ScatterMatrix method. The experiments were conducted on a widely used agricultural hyperspectral image. The experimental results showed that (1) the The proposed ClassPair_ScatterMatrix method could better alleviate the problem of selecting mutually redundant features, compared to the AllClass_ScatterMatrix method; (2) compared with the representative mutual information-based feature selection methods, the scatter-matrix-based feature selection methods generally achieved higher classification accuracies, and the ClassPair_ScatterMatrix method especially, produced the highest classification accuracies with respect to both data sets (87.2% and 90.1%); and (3) the proposed integrated scheme produced higher classification accuracy, compared with the decision fusion of spectral and spatial features and the methods only involving spectral
doi:10.3390/rs9030261 fatcat:vy4vgyblfveupmdsx235om2ida