When does self-esteem relate to deviant behavior? The role of contingencies of self-worth

D. Lance Ferris, Douglas J. Brown, Huiwen Lian, Lisa M. Keeping
2009 Journal of Applied Psychology  
Researchers have assumed that low self-esteem predicts deviance, but empirical results have been mixed. This article draws upon recent theoretical developments regarding contingencies of self-worth to clarify the self-esteem/deviance relation. It was predicted that self-esteem level would relate to deviance only when self-esteem was not contingent on workplace performance. In this manner, contingent self-esteem is a boundary condition for self-consistency/behavioral plasticity theory
more » ... . Using multisource data collected from 123 employees over 6 months, the authors examined the interaction between level (high/low) and type (contingent/noncontingent) of self-esteem in predicting workplace deviance. Results support the hypothesized moderating effects of contingent self-esteem; implications for self-esteem theories are discussed.
doi:10.1037/a0016115 pmid:19702376 fatcat:563kcqoktbagph5h7nhftganbm