Molecular Classification of Renal Cell Carcinoma and Its Implication in Future Clinical Practice

Jozefina Casuscelli, Yann-Alexandre Vano, Wolf Herve Fridman, James J. Hsieh
2017 Kidney Cancer  
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) encompasses a wide spectrum of morphologically and molecularly distinct (>10) cancer subtypes originated from the kidney epithelium. Metastatic RCC (mRCC) is lethal and refractory to conventional chemotherapeutic agents. The incorporation of targeted therapies and immune checkpoint inhibitors into the current practice of mRCC has markedly improved the median overall survival of clear cell RCC (ccRCC) patients, the most common subtype, but not rare kidney cancer (RKC
more » ... non-ccRCC, nccRCC). Varied treatment response in mRCC patients is observed, which presents clinical challenges/opportunities at the modern mRCC therapeutic landscape consisting of 12 approved drugs representing 6 different effective mechanisms. Key contributing factors include inter-and intra-RCC heterogeneity. With the advances in pan-omics technologies, we now have a better understanding of the molecular pathobiology of individual RCC subtype. Here, we attempt to classify ccRCC based on contemporary molecular features with emphasis on their respective potential significance in clinical practice.
doi:10.3233/kca-170008 pmid:30334000 pmcid:PMC6179110 fatcat:rdvdb3ivffcbdmtti6zfsccfpe