Comparative Effect of Participation in Different Sports on Quality of Life Perception by Inmates of Ilesa Prison in Osun State of Nigeria
International Journal of Sports Science and Physical Education
Lack of empirical evidence on the influence of sports in the promotion of inmates' quality of life and their rehabilitation is posing serious challenge to effective use of sports in correctional programmes. This study focused on the effects of different sports on the QOL among inmates in Ilesa Prison in Osun State of Nigeria. The study employed experimental pretest -posttest control research design. This study was carried out over a 10 week period at the Ilesa prison in Osun State, Nigerian.
... State, Nigerian. 140 inmates were selected for the study. The respondents were grouped into four sports-athletics, badminton, table-tennis and volleyball. The World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF) was adapted and used to determine the QOL of inmates across different sport groups. The data collected on reported quality of life condition of inmates against the different categories of sport participation (athletics, badminton, table-tennis and volley-ball) were analysed with descriptive and inferential statistics. Multiple regression analysis and Analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to determine whether differences observed on the QOL perception of inmates and participation in different sports are significant. The findings showed that there is a relationship between participation in different sports and quality of life. The result of ANOVA showed that the calculated F-ratio of 12.865 for inmates perception of their quality of life after participation in different sports was significant at p=0.000 when tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results of multiple regression showed that quality of life of the prisoners' increases as they participated in volley ball (β = 0.908), badminton (β = 1.321), Table Tennis (β = 1.521) and athletics (β = 7.401). It was concluded that participation in different sport presents similar and positive effect on the quality of life perception among inmates of Ilesa prison in Nigeria.