The behavior of suspended particulate matter emitted from the combustion of agricultural residue biomass under different temperatures
Biomass to Biofuels
There are large quantities of waste rice husk and straw estimated at around 3.9 million tons as biomass waste every year in Japan. Air pollutants emitted from exhaust gases of rice husk incineration lead to environmental damage, not only because of the influence on global environment and climate, when released into the atmosphere, but also on human health due to local air pollution. Therefore, it is necessary to effectively utilize waste rice husk and straw to reduce air pollutants. In recent
... utants. In recent years, there has been an increasing demand on the utilization of unused biomass instead of fossil oil fuel in combustors for farminggreenhouses' heating during the winter season. The increasing demand will increase the running costs. In general, since these combustors are small in size, there is a lack of regulations or laws (e.g. The Air Pollution Control Act and The Waste Disposal and Public Cleaning Law) in operation for their air pollution control. So far, small size combustors are characterized by their simplicity of structure and low costs. However, they emit visible black carbon (elemental carbon) due to their poor combustion performance. In this study, the possibility of the substitution of fossil fuel by waste rice husk and rice straw is investigated in laboratory model combustion experiments. The emission behavior of harmful air pollutants emitted from rice husk and straw combustion is evaluated by measuring carbonaceous and ionic composition of suspended particulate matter in the exhaust gases. From the analytical results, particulate mass concentrations were found reduced substantially at high temperature combustion. From the results of this study, it can be suggested that stable combustion performance Biomass to Biofuels 55 under suitable conditions is needed in order to control less air pollutants emitted from biomass fuel although small size combustors are still not regulated.