Propuesta del modelo físico del infiltrómetro de cilindros concéntricos rediseñado multifuncional (ICCRM)
Proposal of the physical model of the multifunctional redesigned double ring infiltrometer (ICCRM)

Eduardo Teófilo-Salvador, Centro Interamericano de Recursos del Agua de la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, México, Guillermo Pedro Morales-Reyes, Centro Interamericano de Recursos del Agua de la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, México
2018 Tecnología y Ciencias del Agua  
últmo, se comparó in situ con el equipo tradicional. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que el infiltrómetro de cilindros concéntricos rediseñado multifuncional permite controlar una carga hidráulica de inundación constante desde 50 mm, hasta 300 mm, o bien, una carga variable, mixta o combinada; también es posible mantener la superficie exterior húmeda, además de controlar el escurrimiento superficial gracias a los dispositivos de control. Con el nuevo modelo físico de infiltrómetro se satura
more » ... trómetro se satura y sobresatura una masa de suelo a partir de reproducción a escala reducida de eventos, tales como las precipitaciones según la intensidad, duración y frecuencia de incidencia, con ello el estudio de la distribución de flujo de agua en el suelo. Palabras clave: infiltrómetro multifuncional, carga hidráulica, saturación, sobresaturación. Abstract Due to the need to improve the technique and methods of measurement of soil water infiltration, several authors have proposed modifications to commonly used equipment, such as the double ring infiltrometer. The objective of the research was to review the operation of the traditional double ring infiltrometer and from there to design, construct and functionally verify a physical model of infiltrometer with the necessary characteristics to generate processes of saturation and supersaturation in the soil. From the review of the traditional operation problems were detected for obtaining of the initial infiltration values, attending this situation was presented the design of the multifunctional infiltrometer coupled to the concentric cylinders. Later were acquired and built the necessary parts for the new model, and verified the functionality to make the necessary adjustments, finally it was compared in situ with the traditional equipment. As results it was obtained that, the multifunctional redesigned double ring infiltrometer allows control a constant hydraulic flood load from 50 mm to 300 mm, or variable load mixed or combined, it is also possible to maintain the wet outer surface, besides controlling the surface runoff, thanks to the control devices. With the new physical model of infiltrometer it become saturated and supersaturated a mass of soil from a reproduction reduced scale of winds such as rainfall according to the intensity, duration and frequency of incidence, with it the study of the distribution water flow in the soil.
doi:10.24850/j-tyca-2018-06-05 fatcat:2spkwuvdojdg3pcdg5wp2jazia