Short Course and Early Switch of Vigabatrin for Infantile spasms

Hye Won Ryu, Hunmin Kim, Byung Chan Lim, Hee Hwang, Jong-Hee Chae, Ji Eun Choi, Ki Joong Kim
2020 Annals of Child Neurology  
Purpose: Vigabatrin has proven efficacy in the treatment of infantile spasms, but it carries the risk of irreversible visual field constriction. The incidence of vigabatrin-induced visual field constriction seems to depend on the extent of vigabatrin exposure. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the therapeutic effect of vigabatrin is maintained in patients with infantile spasms receiving a short vigabatrin course followed by switching to another antiepileptic drug. Methods: Patients
more » ... Methods: Patients with infantile spasms responsive to initial vigabatrin treatment were divided into a vigabatrin switch group (n=25) and a vigabatrin maintenance group (n=41). In the former group, vigabatrin was switched to other drugs within 6 months of spasm remission. The rate of seizure recurrence at 6 and 12 months from spasm remission was compared between the two groups. Results: No statistically significant differences were found between the vigabatrin switch and maintenance groups in the age of onset, presence of concomitant seizures, time from spasm onset to vigabatrin treatment, time from vigabatrin treatment initiation to spasm remission, or vigabatrin dose at spasm remission. The number of patients with seizure recurrence at 12 months after spasm remission was 3 (3/25, 12%) in the vigabatrin switch group and 10 (10/41, 24.4%) in the vigabatrin maintenance group. The seizure recurrence rate at 12 months from spasm remission was not significantly different between groups. Conclusion: A short course of vigabatrin could be considered in patients with infantile spasms who are responsive to initial vigabatrin treatment, since spasm remission was maintained after switching to other drugs.
doi:10.26815/acn.2020.00059 fatcat:eesz33d7s5au5bkm2j37s2s5ni