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The ranks and kernels of generalized Hadamard matrices are studied. It is proven that any generalized Hadamard matrix H(q,λ) over F_q, q>3, or q=3 and (3,λ) =1, generates a self-orthogonal code. This result puts a natural upper bound on the rank of the generalized Hadamard matrices. Lower and upper bounds are given for the dimension of the kernel of the corresponding generalized Hadamard codes. For specific ranks and dimensions of the kernel within these bounds, generalized Hadamard codes are constructed.doi:10.1109/tit.2015.2509061 fatcat:uiv5dqtusjdlfmjfeccjw3bg4a