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ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING THE IMMATURE STAGES MORTALITY OF Bacrocera papayae
Journal of Plant Protection and Pathology
Three major parasitoids of Bacrocera papyae (Drew) were recorded in papaya , Biosters vandenboschi, B. longicaudatus and B.arisanus.Relationships between total initial hosts ( B.papayae immatures ) and total hosts killed by each parasitoid species good correlation and parasitoids relationships were not density dependent. The percentage of the larvae that survived through fruit factors was 84.2% in soil, the soil factors reduced survival to 21.3%, amongst the soil, weather accounted for 45.5%doi:10.21608/jppp.2012.83783 fatcat:3wfe6s256rbmzm42fk6x5m6s2a