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This paper reports on innovations in public order policing during the protests surrounding the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in Edinburgh, November 2009. When masked anarchist protesters determined to 'smash Nato' gathered on the streets on the first morning of the Assembly, they were initially confronted by three plainclothes police negotiators rather than a line of riot police. In this paper we draw on empirical data to offer an analysis of these developments and gauge the extent to which theydoi:10.1080/10439463.2011.605260 fatcat:4wvkseasrrg3fpjn732xdeoe4y