The Effectiveness of Adjunctive Hypnosis with Surgical Patients: A Meta-Analysis

Guy H. Montgomery, Daniel David, Gary Winkel, Jeffrey H. Silverstein, Dana H. Bovbjerg
2002 Anesthesia and Analgesia  
Hypnosis is a nonpharmacologic means for managing adverse surgical side effects. Typically, reviews of the hypnosis literature have been narrative in nature, focused on specific outcome domains (e.g., patients' selfreported pain), and rarely address the impact of different modes of the hypnosis administration. Therefore, it is important to take a quantitative approach to assessing the beneficial impact of adjunctive hypnosis for surgical patients, as well as to examine whether the beneficial
more » ... act of hypnosis goes beyond patients' pain and method of the administration. We conducted metaanalyses of published controlled studies (n ϭ 20) that used hypnosis with surgical patients to determine: 1) overall, whether hypnosis has a significant beneficial impact, 2) whether there are outcomes for which hypnosis is relatively more effective, and 3) whether the method of hypnotic induction (live versus audiotape) affects hypnosis efficacy. Our results revealed a significant effect size (D ϭ 1.20), indicating that surgical patients in hypnosis treatment groups had better outcomes than 89% of patients in control groups. No significant differences were found between clinical outcome categories or between methods of the induction of hypnosis. These results support the position that hypnosis is an effective adjunctive procedure for a wide variety of surgical patients.
doi:10.1097/00000539-200206000-00052 pmid:12032044 fatcat:avhd75lcjvf47dwrsxk3onig7i