Secular trend of geomagnetic elements in the Indian region

S. K. Bhardwaj, P. B. V. Subba Rao
2013 Earth, Planets and Space  
In the present study, secular trends and jerks in the geomagnetic elements D, H and Z are investigated at the six Indian magnetic observatories using annual and monthly mean values for all days, quiet days and night base (night time mean). The residuals of all-day annual and monthly means are computed by removing a polynomial fit from their best fitting curves. The residuals of D, H and Z curves do not show any parallelism with the 11-year sunspot cycle. At Alibag, the D residual shows a
more » ... dual shows a periodicity of 2 solar cycles, whereas the H and Z residuals indicate a quasi-periodicity of 3 solar cycles for the period 1921-2009. At the Indian stations, an in-phase solar cycle component is observed for 2 of the solar cycles in the D and Z residuals, while the H residual shows outof-phase variations with the sunspot cycle for the period 1958 -2009 . Two geomagnetic jerks, 1970 and 1991 well reflected in the monthly and annual mean values in the Indian region, as observed globally.
doi:10.5047/eps.2013.09.001 fatcat:wfgoajbiwrb2hcmpcvbog2a4fi