Sulfonated Hydrothermal Carbons from Cellulose and Glucose as Catalysts for Glycerol Ketalization
Solketal is one of the most used glycerol-derived solvents. Its production via heterogeneous catalysis is crucial for avoiding important product losses typically found in the aqueous work-up in homogeneous catalysis. In this work, we present a study of the catalytic synthesis of solketal using sulfonated hydrothermal carbons (SHTC). They were prepared from glucose and cellulose resulting in different textural properties depending on the hydrothermal treatment conditions. The sulfonated
... sulfonated hydrothermal carbons were also coated on a graphite microfiber felt (SHTC@GF). Thus, up to nine different solids were tested, and their activity was compared with commercial acidic resins. The solids presented very different catalytic activity, which did not correlate with their physical-chemical properties indicating that other aspects likely influence the transport of reactants and products to the catalytic surface. Additionally, the SHTC prepared from cellulose showed better reusability in batch reaction tests. This work also presents the first results for the production of solketal in a flow reactor, which opens the way to the use of SHTC@GF for this kind of reactions.