Ribosomal RNA Gene Restriction Patterns Provide Increased Sensitivity for Typing Salmonella typhi Strains

M Altwegg, F W Hickman-Brenner, J J Farmer III
To date, epidemiologic associations among strains of Salmonella typhi are based exclusively on phage typing, which may be of limited value if a common phage type is involved. Analysis of ribosomal RNA gene restriction patterns allows separation of most independently isolated strains of identical phage types. The sensitivity of the method is dependent on the restriction enzymes used to digest chromosomal DNA. It was highest for PstI, which separated 16 of 20 strains that belonged to 8 phage
more » ... including 3 untypable strains. Three strains differed in their phage types but had identical ribosomal RNA gene restriction patterns. Also, two pairs of strains indistinguishable by phage typing exhibited identical patterns; however, two of these strains were expected to be identical because they were isolated from two patients who were likely exposed to the same source. Ribosomal RNA gene restriction patterns appear to be stable. Thus, the method may complement phage typing and aid in further differentiation of strains
doi:10.5167/uzh-155182 fatcat:7n6q2azoofhdfmx2hy4emtq3za