Combining mechanical and thermal surface fourier transform analysis to follow the dynamic fatigue behavior of polymers

Valerian Hirschberg, Manfred Wilhelm, D. Rodrigue
This work investigates the phenomena of self-heating, also called intrinsic heating, and thermoelastic coupling during non-linear dynamic mechanical fatigue testing via surface temperature measurement coupled with the mechanical behavior of polymers. Static tensile tests and dynamic strain controlled fatigue tests under tension/tension were performed at a frequency of ω$_{1}$/2π = 5 Hz, as well as in the low cycle fatigue regime at ω$_{1}$/2π = 0.2 Hz, on six polymers: high density polyethylene
more » ... (HDPE), low density polyethylene (LDPE), ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), polyamide 6 (PA6), and two grades of polypropylene (PP). In dynamic testing, the surface temperature rises to a plateau value (ΔT) when an equilibrium between the viscous/plastic dissipated energy and heat convection is reached. Power-law correlations were found between the strain amplitude (ε$_{0}$) and ΔT, as well as between ε$_{0}$ and the calculated dissipated energy density (W$_{diss,p}$) obtained from the mechanical stress response, with similar exponents for both correlations. Thermoelastic coupling is firstly investigated in uniaxial tension, revealing a linear relation between the strain rate and the rate of temperature decrease, which is more distinct with decreasing polymer chain mobility. In dynamic fatigue testing, the surface temperature was found to oscillate with an amplitude T$_{1}$, which was analyzed via Fourier transform. A direct relation between T$_{1}$ and ε$_{0}$ at small deformations was observed. At large strain amplitudes, T$_{1}$ (ε$_{0}$) follows a similar trend as the complex modulus E*(ε$_{0}$). At low frequencies and large strain amplitudes, additional higher harmonics at two (T$_{2}$) and three (T$_{3}$) times the fundamental frequency were also detected as fingerprints of plastic deformation, resulting in additional heat dissipated during the loading half cycle. From the results obtained, the advantages of the calculated dissipated energy density over the surface temperature analysis was analyzed to [...]
doi:10.5445/ir/1000129528 fatcat:m3m2i4t7dfeizh3yis6qlnknwm