Assessment of Level of Consciousness with Coma Recovery Scale among Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury
Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the major cause of fatality and disability in paediatric age groups and young adults. TBI is usually termed to as the "silent epidemic" because the adverse effects from TBI, such as changes affecting thought process, perception, language, or emotional process, may not be readily apparent 1 . It was found that nearly 1.5 to 2 million persons are injured and 1 million directed to death every year in India. The objectives are to categorise the patients with
... aumatic brain injury based on the level of consciousness, to compare the domains of level of consciousness (LOC) of patients with TBI and to find out the association between the LOC and selected variables among patients with TBI at Govt. Medical college Hospital, Kottayam. A quantitatve non experimental approach was used for the study. A total of sixty patients with TBI were selected for the study by purposive sampling technique. The data were collected using socio personal-clinical data sheet and Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R). The LOC of patients with TBI was assessed with CRS-R. The assessment of level of consciousness was assessed again by using the same scale on the sixth day to compare the domains of the LOC through the recovery process. The obtained data were categorised, compared and analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that the majority of patients selected were minimally conscious and the mean scores of domains of level of consciousness (auditory, visual, motor, verbal, communication and arousal) increased from day 1 to day 6 and there is a significant association between the LOC and pupillary reaction at the time of first assessment (p<0.05).