GRANTS IN PROVIDING FINANCIAL POTENTIAL OF TERRITORIES
WORLD OF FINANCE
Introduction. Government grants are a very specific instrument in the functioning of local budgets. On the one hand, the high degree of liberalization of their use makes it possible for local authorities to channel financial resources to programmes and measures that, subjectively, are most needed for the economic and social development of territories. On the other hand, such liberalization poses a potential threat to the self-sufficiency of local budgets in Ukraine. Even with the formation of
... open and civil society, such phenomena as corruption in the authorities, political lobbyism, inefficient planning and management of financial resources are still deeply engrained into the system of intergovernmental transfers. Purpose. Analysis of domestic experience of government grants in local budget revenues and justification of proposals to ensure their effectiveness. Methods. In the course of writing the article, several methods were used. Among them were the method of scientific abstraction and analogues, analysis, formal logic and dialectics. Results. It has been established that government grants, as an integral element of intergovernmental transfers in democratically-developed countries, are a fairly effective method of budget regulation. They allow you to remove a fixed amount of funds from a higher-level budget to balance the lower-level budget in case of excessive expenditure over income. It is substantiated that government grants exhausted themselves in Ukraine, as evidenced by a decrease of their share in the structure of local budget revenues by more than ten times. This is due to corruption in the authorities, political lobbying, inefficient planning and management of financial resources. While until 2014 government grants were used almost equally to subventions, today their fiscal role has much lessened. Conclusion. The decrease in government grants in the revenues of local budgets of Ukraine does not in any way suggest a reduction of the transfer dependence of local authorities. In addition, their cancellation is not considered as part of further reform of inter-budgetary relations. The general increase in the amount of financial assistance from the centre indicates a lacking motivation of local authorities to increase their own revenue base, and that paternalism has transformed into a budget "dependency".