Diminution of angiotensin II-induced contraction of the abdominal aorta isolated from Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits

Katsunari Tasaki, Ichiro Wakabayashi, Tetsuro Shishido, Satoshi Takasaki, Yasuchika Takeishi, Isao Kubota, Tsunekata Ito, Yumi Katano, Hitonobu Tomoike
2005 Journal of Smooth Muscle Research  
The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in vasocontractile responses in atherosclerosis, using abdominal aortic strips isolated from Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbits and Japanese White (control) rabbits. The aortic strips from WHHL rabbits showed a significantly lower contractile response to angiotensin II than that in strips from control rabbits. The contractile responses to phenylephrine and 5-hydroxytryptamine were not different in WHHL and control groups.
more » ... control groups. The contractile response to angiotensin II was higher in endothelium-denuded aortic strips than in endothelium-intact strips, but to a greater extent in the control group than in the WHHL group. The contractile response to angiotensin II in the absence of the endothelium was also lower in the WHHL group than in the control group. Pretreatment with N G -nitro-Larginine significantly increased the contractile response to angiotensin II in the endothelium-intact aortic strips in both the WHHL and control groups, while pretreatment with diclofenac did not affects the aortic contractile response to angiotensin II. The contractile responses to angiotensin II in the presence of N G -nitro-L-arginine and diclofenac were lower in the WHHL group than in the control group. The contractile response to angiotensin II in the presence of PD123319 was also lower in the WHHL group than in the control group. Endothelium-dependent relaxation by acetylcholine occurred to the some extent in the WHHL and control groups. These results suggest that the WHHL rabbit abdominal aorta displays attenuated angiotensin II-induced contraction, mainly due to an abnormality in the angiotensin II-specific contractile pathway of the medial smooth muscle.
doi:10.1540/jsmr.41.87 pmid:15988152 fatcat:vzotmtcmc5fnpf3lbakd5nkkuu