An evaluation of the infant mortality rate in 2014 and 2015 in northeastern Anatolia

Zahide Koşan, Banu Bedir, Sinan Yılmaz, Aysun Aras, Elif Okşan Çalıkoğlu, Mahmut Uçar
2019 Konuralp Tip Dergisi  
Objective: Infant mortality rates are one of the principal parameters reflecting countries' general and mother-baby health levels. Evaluating and lowering these rates is therefore highly important. This descriptive study examined the infant mortality rate in 2014-2015, its causes and the factors affecting it, and assessed preventable causes of infant death. Methods: Our work was carried out in Erzurum, a province of northeast Anatolia. Erzurum Public Health Directorate Infant Mortality
more » ... Mortality Commission reports and Provincial Infant Mortality Investigation Committee study forms concerning infant deaths were examined retrospectively. Causes listed in the Perinatal and Infant Mortality Information Form prepared by the Ministry of Health were used to classify causes of infant death as underlying, intermediate or immediate. Results: The infant mortality rate in the province of Erzurum increased from 9.4 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2015 to 10.0 in 2015. Additionally, 27.3% of infant deaths in 2014 and 34.0% in 2015 occurred in the early neonatal period. The most common underlying cause of death was congenital anomaly in 2014 and sepsis in 2015. The most common intermediate cause of death in both years was prematurity. Conclusions: Approximately 50% of mothers of deceased infants received insufficient prenatal care sessions, and infant mortalities largely derive from congenital anomaly, sepsis and prematurity.
doi:10.18521/ktd.430972 fatcat:ntfvfepup5d3zmkqwmo5aocb3e