Antenatal Care Services and Preparedness of Health Facilities in Bangladesh: Evidence From Two Nationally Representative Surveys
ObjectiveTo assess whether health facilities in Bangladesh are prepared to provide ANC services and to investigate facility characteristics that are linked to preparedness.Methods This cross-sectional analysis used publicly available data from two waves of Bangladesh Health Facilities Survey (BHFS) that was conducted in 2014 and 2017 using stratified random sample of facilities. 1508 and 1506 health facilities were included as study samples from the 2014 and 2017 BHFS respectively. The outcome
... ariable 'ANC services preparedness' was calculated as an index score using a group of tracer indicators. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify the important correlates of ANC service preparednessResultsThe percentage of facilities providing ANC services has increased slightly from 97.4% in 2014 to 98.8% in 2017. Union level public facilities were less likely to be prepared for providing ANC service than district level public facilities in 2014 (Odds ratio (OR): 0.20, Confidence interval (CI): 0.08-0.50, P-value=<0.001). Similar results were also found in 2017 (OR: 0.14, CI: 0.06-0.33, P-Value=<0.001). The facilities with high basic amenities score were more likely to be prepared for providing ANC than the facilities with low basic amenities score in 2014 (OR: 2.52, CI: 1.02-6.12, P-Value=0.04) and in 2017 (OR: 1.79, CI: 1.08-2.99, P-Value=0.02). Conclusion The overall preparedness score to offer ANC service was also poor. Our findings may be considered for not only health planning but also decision making in order to produce a healthy mother and a baby at the end of pregnancy.