The Platelet Microparticle Proteome [chapter]

David M. Smalley
2011 Platelet Proteomics  
Platelet-derived microparticles are the most abundant type of microparticle in human blood and contribute to many biologically significant processes. Here, we report the first proteomic analysis of microparticles generated from activated platelets. Using 1D SDS-PAGE and liquid chromatography coupled to a linear ion trap mass spectrometer, the identification of 578 proteins was accomplished using a minimum of 5 MS/MS detections of at least two different peptides for each protein. These
more » ... cles displayed many proteins intrinsic to and well-characterized on platelets. For example, microparticles in these experiments were found to contain membrane surface proteins including GPIIIa, GPIIb, and P-selectin, as well other platelet proteins such as the chemokines CXCL4, CXCL7, and CCL5. In addition, approximately 380 of the proteins identified were not found in two previous studies of the platelet proteome. Since several of the proteins detected here have been previously implicated in microparticle formation and/or pathological function, it is hoped that this study will help fuel future work concerning the possible role of microparticles in various disease states.
doi:10.1002/9780470940297.ch7 fatcat:rvdgwu4wnvcdjarxd4vl5pz2pu