A STUDY TO FIND OUT PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION IN SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN OF AGE GROUP 5 TO 16 YEARS IN WESTERN RAJASTHAN
English

Mohan Makwana, Ratanlal Bhati, Harish Mourya, Jagdish Dabi, Jai Prakash Soni, Pramod Sharma
2017 Journal of Evidence Based Medicine and Healthcare  
BACKGROUND Hypertension is very common disease, commonly associated with high morbidity and mortality. Its origin is thought to be in childhood and goes undetected unless specifically looked for during this period. Early detection of hypertension and its precipitating or aggravating factors are key factors, so further complications of hypertension can be prevented. MATERIALS AND METHODS Apparently, healthy-looking school children in the age group of 5 to 16 years from various schools in Jodhpur
more » ... schools in Jodhpur district were screened for the study. A total of 5000 students were enrolled in the present study in a period from June 2012 to August 2014. Children with chronic illnesses and those who were on long-term medications, congenital anomalies and diagnosed to be obese and hypertensive secondary to other causes were excluded from study. Detailed history regarding age, sex, family history of obesity and hypertension, socioeconomic status had taken using predesigned proforma. Various anthropometric parameters like height, weight, waist circumference were measured and Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) and Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) were recorded in both sexes. Hypertension was defined as SBP or DBP exceeding the 95th percentile for age, gender and height. Three readings were taken in succession with an interval of 1½ to 2 minutes. The average of the three readings was calculated and recorded in the proforma. Those children in whom blood pressure was found abnormal for respective age and gender were re-examined on two different occasions at an interval of 1 to 2 weeks. Financial or Other, Competing Interest: None. Submission
doi:10.18410/jebmh/2017/177 fatcat:w2taqxqmwfbohdneyj6gjirhdi