Dorure et redorure de la statuaire antique en bronze : une nouvelle lecture de l'Apollon de Lillebonne

Dominique Robcis, Sophie Descamps-Lequime, Nathalie Pingaud, Benoît Mille
2017 Techne : La science au service de l'histoire de l'art et des civilisations  
Dominique Robcis, chef de travaux d'art, C2RMF (dominique.robcis@culture.gouv.fr). Sophie Descamps-Lequime, conservateur général du patrimoine, musée du Louvre, département des Antiquités grecques, étrusques et romaines (sophie.descamps@louvre.fr). Nathalie Pingaud, assistante ingénieure, C2RMF (nathalie.pingaud@culture.gouv.fr). Benoît Mille, ingénieur d'étude, C2RMF et Préhistoire et Technologie, UMR 7055, Nanterre (benoit.mille@culture.gouv.fr). Abstract. The Lillebonne Apollo is the largest
more » ... ollo is the largest bronze sculpture of a divinity found so far in Roman Gaul. Stylistically dating from the 2nd century AD, this statue of Apollo holding a lyre (now lost) was discovered in ancient Juliobona (present-day Lillebonne, Normandy, France). Given that Apollo was considered a salvation deity, this was very probably a cult statue. An initial laboratory study was conducted during the restoration of the sculpture in 1974-1975 under the direction of Albert France-Lanord. A complementary scientific investigation, carried out at the C2RMF in 2015, revealed new data about the context in which the Apollo was displayed in Antiquity. In particular, it identified the gilding technique used on the bronze and brought to light an important stage of ancient regilding. The study of the gilding involved diverse testing and analytical techniques: metallography, 3D digital microscopy, X-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscope.
doi:10.4000/techne.1324 fatcat:aes4oa6hgrhzriu7sjnwcnl64y