Hormographiella aspergillata: an emerging basidiomycete in the clinical setting? A case report and literature review

Maxime Moniot, Rose-Anne Lavergne, Thomas Morel, Romain Guieze, Florent Morio, Philippe Poirier, Céline Nourrisson
2020 BMC Infectious Diseases  
Background Filamentous basidiomycetes are mainly considered to be respiratory tract colonizers but the clinical significance of their isolation in a specimen is debatable. Hormographiella aspergillata was first reported as a human pathogen in 1971. We discuss the role of this mold as a pathogen or colonizer and give an update on diagnostic tools and in vitro antifungal susceptibility. Case presentation We identified three cases of H. aspergillata with respiratory symptoms in a short period of
more » ... me. One invasive infection and two colonizations were diagnosed. Culture supernatants showed that H. aspergillata can produce galactomannan and β-D-glucan but not glucuronoxylomannan. For the first time, isavuconazole susceptibility was determined and high minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were found. Liposomal amphotericin B and voriconazole have the lowest MICs. Conclusion To date, 22 invasive infections involving H. aspergillata have been reported. On isolation of H. aspergillata, its pathogenic potential in clinical settings can be tricky. Molecular identification and antifungal susceptibility testing are essential considering high resistance against several antifungal therapies.
doi:10.1186/s12879-020-05679-z pmid:33308180 fatcat:pxzov5fxgbfara7jvlvakcfmui